c. 1400 – 1600
Italy and France
Influences: economic prosperity with conscious humanism, study of classical Roman ruins and writings, and human scale
As trade flourished throughout Western Europe, the Renaissance was a period of enlightenment and rebirth of Roman architectural influences. Artistic patronage expanded for public and private showings.
Florence, Italy was the epicenter of a movement where classical philosophy was revisited. This ignited new ideas and spurred the transition from the Middle Ages to the Modern Age.
French royalty and the aristocracy enjoyed and displayed their wealth through the construction of elegant palaces around the country for entertaining. Châteaux of the Loire Valley remain in abundance as ideal examples from this period.