c. 630-1736 C.E. — Moorish, Ottoman, Persian, Mughal — Influences: Roman temples and Byzantine churches with Central Asian decorative motifs: Berber, Umayyad and Abbasid, Arab, and Hindu

Architecture created by the Moors, Ottomans, Arabs, Persians, Mughals, and other followers of Muhammad is free of figures, instead decorated in intricate geometric patterns inspired by nature and mathmatics.

Ottoman Islam, Turkey

Under Ottoman rule, Constantinople became Istanbul and the once Byzantine Hagia Sofia was transformed into a mosque with the addition of minarets. This iconic structure was used as a model for additional Ottoman mosques throughout the Empire.

Hagia Sophia - The Hagia Sophia (meaning “Holy Wisdom” in Greek) has remained one of the most profound wonders of my study of architectural history and one that I…

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Istanbul, Turkey - The vast city of Istanbul fascinated me with its complex Byzantine and Ottoman history. As the largest of Turkey’s cities, it is filled with architectural and…

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