DESIGN > PLANNING > ARCHITECTURE > NEW WORLD

c. 16th – 18th century
the Americas — Influences: European and African vernaculars, English medieval, Puritan and utopian beliefs, Spanish Baroque

Architecture in the New World between the 16th and 18th centuries was influenced by the settlers adapting their building methods to the materials available and blending their knowledge with that of the natives.

As European formed settlements and established cities, a variety of additional styles formed to include Mission Style, Colonial, African-influenced, Western Vernacular, and log homes.

Mission Style, United States

When missionaries established self-sustaining communities during the 18th century, a new style formed through adaptation to the environment and available local materials, blending Spanish Baroque building knowledge with that of the native laborers.

Over the centuries, this style continues to be popular, particularly in the areas in which missions were established, including California, Arizona, Texas, and Florida in the US, and in Baja California, Mexico.

Spanish Colonial, United States

Spanish colonization of the 16th century was dominated by their Baroque architecture characterized by domes, bell towers, pinnacles and archades of columns. During the last half of the 19th century, neoclassicism began to take root during the French occupation. Today, UNESCO World Heritage cities preserve the beauty of Mexico’s history.