THE BIRTHPLACE OF CIVILIZATION
Eurasia and the Middle East—the western portion of Asia, connecting it to Africa and Europe—includes the area surrounding early Mesopotamia (Iraq and Syria), the land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; the Holy Lands of Lebanon, Israel, Jordan; the Arabian Peninsula (flowing into Egypt)—Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, UAE, Oman and Yemen; Iran, and Transcontinental Eurasia—Turkey, Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan.
Early farming practices, which developed there due to the harsh climate and fertile soil, lead to the first civilizations: the ancient Sumerians and Assyrians. The region has long been a passage for trade routes between the continents.
The Abrahamic monotheistic religions of Judaism, then Christianity, and later Islam, all have their roots here. The spread of Islam is reflective in much of the culture: Muslim architecture, calls to prayer heard throughout the day, styles of design and dress, food and spices. There is a visible connection to mathematics and nature in design.
Islam is an Arabic word which means “surrender, submission, commitment and peace.”
—United Religions Initiative