The regions of France are shaped by its past, along with its varied climate and geography. Heritage and art are carefully preserved. Architecture and food have been affected by a diverse landscape—from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea, from the Alps to the Pyrenees Mountains—as well as by the neighboring countries sharing its borders that France has been both influenced by and at odds with over the centuries.

A variety of styles and examples of architecture—stone palaces and cathedrals, half-timbered cottages, iron towers, clay-tiled roofs—fill the cities and dot the landscape. With an extensive history, the influence of its neighbors—British along the North Sea, Dutch and German to the east, Basque and Spanish along the Pyrenees, Swiss along the Alps, Italians along the eastern Mediterranean, and an historical Roman presence—has created culturally enriched diversity felt within each distinct region in France.

French gastronomy is integral to the culture. Appreciation for food and wine is a national pastime. Quality is the standard. Fresh, local ingredients are essential to the recipes derived from farmers, fishermen, grandmothers and chefs alike, then are prepared with heart. The terroir, complete natural environment, contributes to the taste and flavor, further elevating French cuisine.

Departments and Regions of France

Departments of France


Paris, Versailles, Vaux-le-Vicompte, Fontainebleau, fashion, gastronomy, Eiffel Tower, Sacre Cœur, Giverny

 Northeastern France

Grand Est (Champagne-Ardenne – Lorraine – Alsace) – Franche-Comté:

Reims, Strasbourg, canal center, cheese, wine, champagne

Great West

Pays de la Loire – Bretagne (Brittany):

Nantes, Loire-Atlantique, Saint-Nazaire, Le Mans, Rennes, Brest, seafarers, crêpes, Breton culture, Saint-Malo

Southwestern France

Aquitaine – Midi-Pyrénées:

Bordeaux, Toulouse, Bayonne, Basque Region, wine, Roman history, terracotta brick

Northern France

Haut-de-France (Nord-Pas de Calais – Picardie) – Normandie:

Lille, Rouen, Caen, Le Havre, Côte d’Opale, Mont Saint-Michel

Central France

Centre-Val de Loire – Bourgogne (Burgundy) – Poitou-Charentes – Limousin – Auvergne:

Dijon, Tours, Orléans, Loire Valley, Bourges, Clermont-Ferrand, Limoges, Châteaux de la Loire

Southeastern France

Rhône-Alpes – Languedoc-Roussillon – Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur – Corse (Corsica):

Lyon, Vienne, Chambery, Grenoble, Nîmes, Montpellier, Avignon, Arles, Aix-en-Provence, Nice, Cannes, Marseille, Avignon, French Riviera, Mediterranean Sea, Roman history, gastronomy, French Alps, Gorges de l’Ardèche

Related Articles by Location


Paris  •  Loire Valley

Honoring Inspiration and Quality: Paris Notre Dame, the Masterpiece - Certain places throughout the world exude quality and inspire each of us to be the best version of ourselves. In Paris (and throughout France, for…

Continue reading → Honoring Inspiration and Quality: Paris Notre Dame, the Masterpiece

Northwestern Europe - Football-inspired travels led to our discovery of Northwestern Europe and the history architecture, cuisine and cultures found there. While watching the 2018 FIFA World Cup…

Continue reading → Northwestern Europe

Exporing Touraine in the Loire Valley - The city of Tours and Château d’Artigny was a good starting point for our self-guided driving tour throughout the Loire Valley of France. Our day’s agenda took us through the…

Continue reading → Exporing Touraine in the Loire Valley

Chateau d’Artigny - Upon leaving Chartres, France, we headed off to Château d’Artigny near Montbazon, a few miles away from the city of Tours. Sitting along the Indre River in the heart…

Continue reading → Chateau d’Artigny

Chartres Cathedral - In addition to enjoying rich cafés, fresh local cuisine, regional wine and chévre cheese, we set out to experience the home to some of the world’s greatest…

Continue reading → Chartres Cathedral

Paris: First Experience - I’ve always believed that travel is good for the mind and soul. It exposes us to culture, language, food and surroundings beyond the familiar setting…

Continue reading → Paris: First Experience