Identified as a megadiverse country, its biodiversity ranks 4th in the world. The influence of its Spanish colonial days and of its ancient people, including the Mayan and Aztec cultures, is found throughout this nation that lies between the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. Regions continue to develop, preserving this heritage and evolving as a result of innovation combined with their climate and geography.

Four main geographical regions make up this vast country:

  • Tropical
  • Mountainous
  • Desert
  • Coastal

States and Regions of Mexico

States of Mexico
Regions of Mexico

Baja California

Baja California, Baja California Sur


Historic, mountainous silver mining region

Pacific Coast

Tropical beaches along the Pacific Ocean

Northern Mexico

Expansive deserts and mountains

Central Mexico

Mexico City, capital and surrounding area

Yucatán Peninsula

Mayan sites, tropical jungle, Caribbean coast

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