c. 16th – 18th century
the Colonial Americas
Influences: European and African vernaculars, English medieval, Puritan and utopian beliefs, Spanish Baroque
Architecture in the New World between the 16th and 18th centuries was influenced by the settlers adapting their building methods to the materials available and blending their knowledge with that of the natives.
As Europeans formed settlements and established cities, a variety of additional styles formed including Mission Style, Colonial, African-influenced, Western Vernacular, and log homes.
Spanish Mission Style, United States
When missionaries established self-sustaining communities during the 18th century, a new style formed through adaptation to the environment and available local materials, blending Spanish Baroque building knowledge with that of the native laborers.
Over the centuries, this style continues to be popular, particularly in the areas in which missions were established, including California, Arizona, Texas, and Florida in the US, and in Baja California, Mexico.
Spanish Colonial, United States
Spanish colonization of the 16th century was dominated by their Baroque architecture characterized by domes, bell towers, pinnacles, and arcades of columns. During the last half of the 19th century, neoclassicism began to take root during the French occupation. Today, UNESCO World Heritage cities preserve the beauty of Mexico’s history.
Log Homes, United States
mid-17th century onward
Log construction was brought to the New World by European settlers of the middle colonies. A one- or two-room structure with simple gabled ends and a single chimney may also be built with planks or square-hewn timber filled with mud or other organic matter. This style came to stand for the independent spirit as American pioneers moved west.