Inspired by the classics, Thomas Jefferson’s iconic home in Charlottesville, Virginia–whose name Monticello means “little mount” in Italian–has become an American icon.

In 1987, 200 years after it was built, Jefferson’s Monticello was named an UNESCO World Heritage Site (along with the University of Virginia’s Academical Village that he also designed). This beautifully maintained example of Neoclassical architecture was designed by Jefferson. Discovered during his travels in Europe, he used design elements also made popular during the founding of the United States.

The design principles of liberty and order used by Andrea Palladio in the Villa Capra “La Rotunda,” or Villa Rotunda, influenced the construction style of this homeJefferson was inspired by these same Palladian principles while he drafted the Declaration of Independence. He utilized logic and organization through geometry, balance and symmetry, which are evident in the floor plan of the home.

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090122-monticello-front
East front portico (Entrance Hall)
090122-monticello-garden-room
South piazza – Venetian porch used as a greenhouse and workshop
090122-monticello-rear-portico
West front portico (Parlor) and hexagonal dome
090122-monticello-back
West front portico (Parlor)
090122 Monticello Entrance
Entrance Portico
090122 Monticello Tree Stump
South wing cellar window in the foreground on the right;
North pavilion in the background on the left
090122 Monticello Cellar Window
Cellar Window
090122 Monticello Guest House
North Pavilion

 

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