Identified as a megadiverse country, its biodiversity ranks 4th in the world. The influence of its Spanish colonial days and of its ancient people, including the Mayan and Aztec cultures, is found throughout this nation that lies between the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. Regions continue to develop, preserving this heritage and evolving as a result of innovation combined with their climate and geography.

Four main geographical regions make up this vast country:
Tropical, Mountainous, Desert, Coastal

States and Regions of Mexico

Baja California

Baja California, Baja California Sur

Cabo San Lucas, coastal deserts


Zacatecas, San Luis Potosí, Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, Queretaro

San Miguel de Allende, Historic, mountainous silver mining region

Pacific Coast

Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima, Michoacán, Guerrero, Oaxaca, Chiapas

Puerto Vallarta, Guadalajara, Acapulco, Tropical beaches along the Pacific Ocean

Northern Mexico

Sonora, Sinaloa, Chihuahua, Durango, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas

Mazatlán, Monterrey, Expansive deserts and mountains

Central Mexico

Mexico, Hidalgo, Puebla, Veracruz

Mexico City, capital and surrounding area

Yucatán Peninsula

Tabasco, Campeche, Yucatán, Quintana Roo

Cancun, Isla Cozumel, Merida, Mayan sites, tropical jungle, Caribbean coast

Mayan Tulum

Pre-Columbian ruins along a cliff overlooking the Caribbean Sea Zama, city of the dawn, as this site facing east toward the sunrise is believed to have once been known. Inhabited as early as the 6th century, its crumbled limestone walls overlook the Caribbean Sea on a spectacular cliffside perch. Flourishing between the 13th and 15th…

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